The History of European Aquaristics
In China ornamental fish have been bred for over a thousand years.
In the 19th century it became possible to build larger glass aquariums.
In the beginning they never changed the water, because bad quality of the replacement water often caused the fishes to die. Later when people could change water without any quality problems, many aquarists changed all the water and scrubbed the whole aquarium at every water change. In the latest decades we have come further to create harmonious aquariums. Today it's common to change about 30 % of the water one to four times a month, which gives a better biological balance. (When you have fry or sensitive species you may have to make water changes a lot more often. For example if you have discus it is recommended to make regular partial water changes as often as you can cope with.)
Unfortunately not everybody have noticed the progress and some people still believe
that you must change all the water at every water change, when it is usually better to do
only partial water changes. However, if you want to, you can still change a lot of water,
especially if you want to do regular water changes every day, but then preferably use
"mature" water, if your tapwater is not of exellent quality for aquarium use.
You can make "mature" water by letting the water be
airated without fishes for a day. You can also do other things to it to make
it more suitable for the fishes, for example run it through a reverse osmosis
unit, filtrating it through peat or filtrating it through activated carbon or add
chemicals to alter the pH, hardness, remove nitrates etc. It all depends on what kind
of water your fishes need to prosper and what kind of water you begin with.
The important thing is that if you do these things, you should always continue doing them,
so there will not be any sudded changes in the water parameters in the aquarium,
unless you deliberately do certain changes to trigger
Today there are a lot of technical equipment that makes the aquarium maintainance
easier. For example different kinds of filter units and waterpumps, airpums,
thermostatic heaters and skimmers. Fluorescent aquarium lamps or led lighting that
are controlled by timers makes it easier to maintan a healthy day cycle.
The aquariums today are usually glued together with aquarium silicone.
The aquariums from the olden days were held together with a kind of putty (cement)
which often leaked. The modern aquarium literature, the aquarium societies and the
Internet help by spreading one of the most important things concerning aquarium keeping,